The contents of the crash course in natural sciences comprise a cross section of all the admission tests which are organized by our partner universities. However, it may happen that certain universities have particularities regarding the exams; although the crash course is very complete and allows you to learn a lot in a short period of time, these particularities should be covered to the greatest possible extent by the learning material. Here you will find an overview of the contents taught in our crash course. You have already learned some of them at school; other may be new for you. Anyway, at the end of the course you will be very well-prepared to sit and pass the exams.
Basis of the cells: cell construction and cell function, cell cycle, cell division, meiosis, cell concept and cell structural elements, endosymbiotic theory, nuclear membrane, nuclear lamina, nuclear pore complex, cell nucleus (as carrier of genetic information), nucleocytoplasmic transport, nucleolus, nuclear localization signals, heterochromatin, euchromatin, pro- and eukaryotic cells and chromosomes.
Basic knowledge on DNA: DNA structure, DNA repair, apoptosis, necrosis, replication
Structure and function of proteins, carbon hydrates, lipids and nucleic acids
Transcription and translation in the context of protein synthesis.
Overview of the Mendel principles, heredity and analysis of the phylogenetic tree.
Introduction to genetics, mutations, tumour formation and genetic engineering
Basis of microbiology, hormonal regulation and nervous stimuli.
The Atom: atom structure, radioactivity, quantum numbers and different models (orbital model and Bohr model)
Basis of periodic system: correlation, trends and molar mass
Macroscopic manifestations of matter: the different states of aggregation, the ideal gas law and an overview of different phase diagrams.
The forms of chemical bonds: ionic, covalent, metallic and introduction to hydrogen bond, complex bond and van der Waals bond.
Enthalpy, free enthalpy and entropy (further issues of chemical thermodynamics)
Le Chatelier’s principle, law of mass action, catalyst.
PH value, pH value estimation, strength of acids and bases, concepts of acids and bases and titration (quantitative analyse of chemistry)
Basis of electrochemistry, oxidation numbers and biochemical relevant redox reactions.
The enzymes: function and formation, enzyme kinetics, Michaelis-Menten mechanism
Human metabolism related to glucose and citric acid cycle
Organic and chemical reactions (mechanisms) and organic chemistry (based on carbon)
Introduction to structural chemistry: alkyne, alkene, alkane, mesomery and isomery.
Basis of electro-technique: electric charge, admittance, current, tension and alternative tension, resistance, light, bobbins, condensers, transformers, induction and extinction
Different liquids, fluids and flowing gases: density, pressure (hydrostatic pressure and blood pressure), buoyancy, viscosity, manometer (function and use), continuity equation. Basis of the Bernoulli principle and the Hagen-Poiseuille law
Basis of the theory of heat: temperature, thermal energy and caloric value, gas law, waves, oscillation, sound and ultrasound (also in medical context), calorimetry, decibel calculation and the human ear regarding its function and structure.
Movement and mechanics: formulas and relation of power, work, energy and force (lever, gravity centre and balance)
Optics in the physical context: functions of lenses, light refraction, accommodation, dispersion, different reproductions, types of ametropia, glasses and how they work
Radioactivity laws, uses and damages: types of rays, dosimetry and imaging techniques in medicine (MRT, CT)
Important mathematical basis: rule of three, different units and magnitudes