Hungary’s history can be traced back to the Magyars, an alliance of semi-nomadic tribes from the south of Russia and the Black Sea coasts, who arrived in the region in the 9th century. After centuries as a powerful medieval kingdom, Hungary became part of the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Empire from the 16th century onwards. After World War I, Hungary emerged as an independent state.

Despite being a landlocked country, Hungary is home to the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton) and has a large number of spas and hot springs. It has rich traditions in classical and folk music and is the birthplace of various composers and artists, including Franz Liszt, Bela Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly.

Name: Republic of Hungary

Population: 10 millones in 2010.

Capital: Budapest.

Area: 93,030 km

Official language: Hungarian.

Main religion: Christianity

Currency: Hungarian Forint

Main expors: Chemical products, food products and transport equipment and materials.

International dialling code: +36